by Fred McMillin
for November 20, 1997

A River Runs Through It



Oja (oh-hah)—A small river in northern Spain, that is, the Rio Oja.

Rioja—A contraction of Rio Oja that refers to Spain's most prestigious red-wine district, of which the Oja Valley is a small part.

Rioja Milestones 76 A.D.—Though the Phoenicians sailed up the Ebro river to Rioja before them, the Romans colonized and organized the winemaking there. Excavations have uncovered their coins dated 76 A.D.

1092—The first known written reference to "Rioxa." c.1200—The monk Gonzalo de Berceo left the earliest Castilian writing praising a "glass of good [Rioja] wine."

1850—Vintners' methods remained primitive, e.g., commonly a skinned sheep was tossed in the vat to clarify the wine.

1890—It's an ill insect that blows no good. Phylloxera has destroyed Bordeaux vineyards so the French winemakers move to the Rioja district. They make major improvements in methods, including use of the barrel for aging.

1965—The American wine boom provides an important new demand for Rioja.

The Cune Compania (coo-nay)

Louis Perre was one of the French vintners who went south a century ago. In 1879, with some partners, he founded CUNE (Compania Vinicola del Norte de Espana). How did it work out? Today the company exports over 250,000 cases a year. Their flagship is CUNE Imperial Gran Reserva Rioja. Spanish authority Carlos Delgado writes of the 1981 vintage, "This wine belongs to another enological dimension, a privileged place reserved for only the best wines in the world...intense and flavorful, with an elegant finish." My panel just tasted the 1989, and feel it belongs in that other "enological dimension," too.

The Wine:
1989 Imperial Gran Reserva Rioja
By Cune, Haro, La Rioja, Spain
USA Contact—Allison Simpson, (707) 963-7115

Postscript: The term "Reserve" has no legal meaning in the USA, but it sure does in Spain. A RESERVA must be aged a minimum of three years, including at least one in oak. A GRAN RESERVA must be aged a minimum of five years, including at least two in oak. So, if a merchant offers you a 1995 Gran Reserva, call the cops. It's not legit!

About the Writer

Fred McMillin, a veteran wine writer, has taught wine history for 30 years on three continents. He currently teaches wine courses at San Francisco State and San Francisco City College and is Northern California Editor for American Wine on the Web. In 1995, the Academy of Wine Communications honored Fred with one of only 22 Certificates of Commendation awarded to American wine writers.

Read more articles by Fred McMillin in the eGGsf

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