by Fred McMillin
for June 8, 1999


Happy Birthday to the King of Cooks
Carême (ku-rehm), Born in Paris, June 8, 1784


Knights Valley  
The foremost chef of the nineteenth century was a brilliant star, an unparalleled comet. He was the cook of kings and the king of cooks.

...Culture & Cuisine, Revel

The Rest of the Story

That comet was fueled by pure culinary genius, not by culinary connections. One of TWENTY FIVE children from a very poor family, at age 12 he was taken to a bistro on the outskirts of Paris by his father. As dad paid the bill, he announced that Carême was now on his own. Abandoned and illiterate, he would ultimately be able to retire from the income of his magnificent cookery books. Examples of his accomplishments...

  • Ultimately execute 196 different French soups and 103 foreign ones.
  • Invent "cold cuisine"...at a royal wedding serve new dishes such as cold jellied truffles, rooster crests in aspic, etc.
  • Tsar Alexandre I of Russia, King George IV of England, and many others tried to hire him. King George did lure him to Great Britain. My wife and I have visited his spectacular kitchen in Brighton. A menu for Jan. 15, 1817 shows why the king-to-be was impressed. It started with four soups, then four fish dishes, then four main dishes (ham, veal, etc.) with THIRTY SIX side dishes. Now, hold onto your hat. THIS WAS ONLY THE FIRST COURSE!

But Carême felt the English palate was not yet ready for his creative dishes. Hence, after eight months, he returned to France. However, the experience was not wasted. For example, in England he learned and took back to Paris, the technique for skinning sole. So, today's birthday wine for Carême will be particulary suitable for sole. It's made from FRENCH varieties of course...in fact, from FOUR of them, Semillon, Sauvignon Blanc, Viognier and Chardonnay.

Wine of the Day

1996 Alluvium Blanc, Knights Valley, White Wine
Beringer Vineyards, St. Helena
Tasting Notes—All kinds of flavors to add pizzaz to the sole, and the soul.
Contact—Allison Simpson—(707) 963-7115, FAX (707) 963-1735

Postscript—The Name Game

Carême's first name was Marie-Antoine. So he made up his own nickname, Antonin. Regarding the last name, "Carême!" in French means "lent." Legend says one of the great chef's ancestors set a pretty good table himself. He was cook for Pope Leo X. A soup prepared for Lent so pleased the Pope that he dubbed his chef Jean de Carême, which became the family name.

About the Writer

Fred McMillin, a veteran wine writer, has taught wine history for 30 years on three continents. He currently teaches wine courses at San Francisco State and San Francisco City College. In 1995, the Academy of Wine Communications honored Fred with one of only 22 Certificates of Commendation awarded to American wine writers.


WineDay Annex

More articles by
Fred McMillin


Welcome to WineDay, the electronic Gourmet Guide's daily update. Monday through Thursday, WineDay presents a wine profile. Then on Fridays we present the Winery of the Week to take you through the weekend.


Sam and Jasper's Winery

Winery of the Week
A Canoe Conundrum

One Fine Franc

A Cakebread Calamity?

A Bride Guide


Current WineDay

January WineDays
February WineDays
March WineDays
April WineDays
May WineDays

1998 WineDays

1997 WineDays


Copyright © 1999—the electronic Gourmet Guide, Inc. All rights reserved.