by Traci Kaufman, R.D.
The purpose of this article is to help you determine if you may be at risk of developing Type 2 Diabetes, a very common disease, and what you can do to lower your risk. With the proper treatment and lifestyle changes, such as losing weight and increasing your level of activity, you may be able to delay the development of Type 2 Diabetes or avoid it altogether. If you have diabetes, the information in this article can help you reduce the severity of the disease and avoid its many possible life-threatening complications.
Almost 16 million Americans have diabetes, but about one-third of them are not aware of their condition. Type 2 Diabetes is considered a silent disease because it works its destruction over many years without causing any noticeable symptoms.
The good news is that you may be able to avoid Type 2 Diabetes altogether. Hopefully this article will help you understand the disease, and tell you what you can do to try to prevent it. Many people are able to avoid diabetes by making changes in their lifestyle such as eating less and exercising more.
Diabetes Mellitus (when the term diabetes is used alone, it always refers to diabetes mellitus) is a condition in which the body is unable to use sugar properly. Sugar (carbohydrate) is the substance our body uses as its major source of energy. Once this sugar is absorbed in the blood, it is referred to as blood sugar or blood glucose. Insulin (a hormone made in the pancreas that regulates the blood sugar) is either missing or deficient. As a result, the body cannot use energy nutrients (carbohydrates, fat, and protein) effectively and the cells of the body "starve". The sugar in the blood may rise to high levels instead of being used for energy. Blood sugar is excreted through urine, which makes extra work for the kidneys causing frequent urination and excessive thirst.
Eating too much sugar does not cause diabetes. But you are more likely to develop Type 2 Diabetes if one of your parents or a brother or sister has the disease.
For example, if you have a positive family history that makes you susceptible to developing diabetes and you are inactive and have been overweight for most of your life, your chances of getting diabetes are high. On the other hand, if you know you have a positive family history of diabetes but you exercise regularly and have never been overweight, you will probably not get diabetes. The knowledge of your susceptibility gives you a great deal of control over whether or not you will get the disease. You can lower those chances greatly by losing weight if you are overweight and increasing your level of activity.
Symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes tend to come on very gradually and often go unnoticed until problems develop. If you have any of the following symptoms listed below, talk to your doctor about being tested for diabetes. You can prevent many of the symptoms and complications that can result from diabetes when you discover it at an early stage and begin treatment.
Nausea, vomiting, or stomach pains may accompany some of these symptoms in the abrupt onset of insulin-dependent diabetes, now called Type 1 Diabetes.
Diet, exercise and medication are important factors that must be coordinated for diabetes to be kept in control. Medication is not used to treat all cases of diabetes. Medication when used can either be in the form of a pill (oral hyperglycemic agents) or insulin, which must be injected. Diet, exercise and medication all affect treatment but unless the diet plan is followed carefully no method of treatment will be effective. By eating the right foods in the right amounts diet can actually help control the basic problem of diabetes.
The purpose of the diabetic diet is designed to achieve and maintain desirable body weight and near normal blood glucose levels in order to minimize the complications frequently associated with this disease.
Diabetes can have serious long-term complications such as heart disease, stroke, nerve damage, peripheral vascular disease, eye damage and kidney disease. Over time, if your blood glucose level is not carefully controlled, diabetes can cause damage to your blood vessels, kidneys, and nerves. The best way to avoid these serious complications is to maintain your blood glucose level in a healthy range and see your doctor regularly, even when you are feeling fine.
The following are healthy diabetic recipes.
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Traci Kaufman, Registered Dietitian, received her bachelor's degree in dietetics and nutrition from the University of Wisconsin-Madison. She has worked as a clinical nutritionist at UCI Medical Center-Irvine in Orange California, and served as team nutritionist for the Los Angeles Rams. Traci is an active member of the American Dietetic Association and two Dietetic Practice Groups: Sports, Cardiovascular, and Wellness Nutritionist (SCAN), and Dietitians in General Clinical Practice. Traci resides in Southern California.
This page created 1999
This page modified October 2006
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