About Bread Flour
Pompadour Au Chocolat and Whole Wheat Herb Onion Bread
Oatmeal Wheat Bread and Sweet Lemon Bread
Other Bread Essentials
Sour Cream Cranberry Rye Bread and Mexican "Hogan" Bread
About Making Bread
Bo-Pol Bread and Poppy Seed Bread
Bread Making Tips
Orangy-Anise Honey-Wheat Bread and Jay's Favorite Bread
Flours react differently in their ability to absorb moisture. Depending on humidity and temperature, the amount of flour needed in a recipe may vary by as much as a cup or two. Therefore, the amount of flour called for in a recipe is always approximate. It is best to start with a smaller amount of flour and slowly add more while kneading to achieve a smooth, satiny textured dough.
There are several types of flours used for bread making. The primary difference between flours is their protein content. When mixed with liquid, certain proteins form gluten which gives an elastic quality to dough. Gluten provides the framework for dough to rise by stretching and trapping the gas bubbles given off by yeast as it grows. The type of wheat, where it is grown, and the milling process all influence the amount of gluten. The higher the gluten content, the more volume the bread will have. Secondary differences are taste and texture.
The most commonly used flours for bread baking include:
All-Purpose Flour, a blend of hard and soft wheat flours, is suitable for yeast breads as well as quick breads and most cakes.
Bread Flour, with its high gluten content, results in bread with good volume. Dough made with bread flour should be kneaded longer than dough made from all-purpose flour to fully develop the gluten.
Whole Wheat Flour, which contains the entire wheat kernel, adds a distinctive "nutty" taste to doughs. Some all-purpose flour is often added to it to lighten the dough and yield a larger volume. Whole wheat flour should always be stored in the refrigerator to prevent rancidity.
Rye Flour, limited in gluten, is usually combined with all-purpose, whole wheat or bread flours to improve volume and texture.
One large chocolate macaroon.
Dissolve yeast in warm water in warmed bowl. Add 1 tablespoon sugar, 2 cups flour, and milk. Attach bowl and flat beater. Turn to speed 4 and beat 2 minutes. Transfer mixture to a clean bowl; cover and let rise in warm place, free from draft, about 45 minutes.
Place remaining flour, salt, cinnamon, baking soda, and butter in clean bowl. Attach bowl and flat beater. Turn to speed 2 and mix 1 minute. Remove mixture from bowl and set aside.
Dissolve cocoa in boiling water and cool to lukewarm; set aside. Place remaining sugar and eggs in bowl. Attach bowl and flat beater. Turn to speed 4 and beat 1 minute. Stop and scrape bowl. Turn to speed 6 and beat 1 minute. Reduce to speed 2 and add cocoa mixture, Amaretto liqueur, and coconut extract. Mix 1 minute. Continuing on speed 2 gradually add yeast mixture and then butter/flour mixture. Increase to speed 4 and beat 1 minute. Stop and scrape bowl. Turn to stir speed and add almonds and coconut, mixing just until blended, about 15 seconds.
Pour batter into a greased and floured 10-inch tube pan. Let rise, uncovered, 2 hours or until doubled in bulk. Bake at 350 degrees F for 45 to 50 minutes. Cool in pan 15 minutes, then remove and cool on wire rack.
Yield: One 10-inch cake.
Dissolve yeast in warm water in warmed bowl. Add honey molasses, salt, oil, onion, dill weed, basil, garlic powder and 6 cups flour. Attach bowl and dough hook. Turn to speed 2 and mix 2 minutes. Continuing on speed 2, add remaining flour, 1/2 cup at a time, until dough clings to hook and cleans sides of bowl. Knead on speed 2 for 2 minutes longer.
Place in greased bowl, turning to grease top. Cover, let rise in warm place, free from draft, until doubled in bulk, about 1 hour.
Punch dough down and divide in half. Shape each half into a loaf and place in a greased 8-1/2 x 4-1/2 x 2-1/2-inch loaf pan. Cover; let rise in warm place, free from draft, until doubled in bulk, about 1 hour.
Bake at 350 degrees F for 30 to 35 minutes. Remove from pans immediately and cool on wire racks.
Yield: 2 loaves.
Provided by KitchenAid
This page originally published as a FoodDay article in 1997.
Copyright © 2007, Forkmedia LLC. All rights reserved.
This page modified January 2007
The Global Gourmet®
175 Home Recipes
Burma: Rivers of Flavor
Cake Mix Doctor
Craft of Coffee
Crazy Sexy Kitchen
Fifty Shades Chicken
French Slow Cooker
Frontera - Rick Bayless
Gluten-Free Quick & Easy
Jerusalem: A Cookbook
Lidia's Favorite Recipes
Make-Ahead and Freeze
Paleo Slow Cooking
Quick Family Cookbook
Southern Living Recipes
Sweet Life in Paris
Trader Joe's Vegetarian
Copyright © 1994-2017,